Smith County, Texas
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Nathaniel and Sarah Benbow Broughton's son, Edward Thomas Broughton Sr. was born in 1805 in South Carolina. On December 18 1823, he married Rachel Winborne Walker, daughter of Dempsey Winborne, Jr. and Priscilla Owen. of
OWNER OF LAND AND SLAVES
According to Alabama land records, Broughton acquired some land in Monroe County on October 8, 1826. Some sources written by descendants claim he was elected sheriff of Monroe County and served two terms in the General Assembly of Alabama "with credit to himself, satisfaction to his constituents and to the best interests of the commonwealth." But no official records in the Alabama archives have been found yet that could confirm this. Records were located that show Broughton served two terms (1826-1833) as the Justice of the Peace in Monroe County. [NOTE: Monroe County is one of many Alabama counties that suffered a loss of public records in a string of mysterious courthouse fires in the last part of the 19th century.] According to deed records, on February 11, 1842, Edward Broughton and Rachel C. Broughton sold 400 acres in six tracts to Nathaniel Broughton, presumably Edward's father, for $12,000. On that same date, Nathaniel sold to Edward eight slaves for $4,000. In October of that same year, Edward purchased four more slaves from Nathaniel for $3,000.
ON THE MOVE
Edward and his family moved to Arkansas in 1842 and since their stay in Arkansas was not early or long enough, the Broughtons are not shown on either the 1840 or 1850 Census of Arkansas. However, Masonic records confirm they were living in Ouachita County until about 1847.
The family of E.T. Sr. and his mother-in-law Priscilla Winborne came to Texas in 1848 settling first in Jasper County for about a year, then to Old Larissa in Cherokee Co. in 1850. In the report of Larissa Masonic Lodge No.57 in 1852, among the Master Masons named were E. T. Broughton, (his son) D.W. Broughton and J. G. James (his son-in-law). On the 1850 Census in Cherokee County, E. T. is 45-years-old, a farmer originally from South Carolina. Also listed in his household are: (his wife) R. C. Broughton, 50-year-old female from South Carolina; (his children) Edward T. age 16 of Alabama, Amanda M. age 14 of Alabama and Ann age 11 of Alabama; and (his mother-in-law) 72-year-old Priscilla Owen Winborne of South Carolina In 1853 Edward T. was Clerk of Smith County and lived in the Old Omen area.
[NOTE: J.C. Walker is also found on the 1850 Census and, despite a conflicting middle initial, some researchers believe him to be Rachel Broughton's son J. O. Walker from her first marriage. The circumstantial evidence to support this assumption is that J.C. Walker had a son named Dempsey and was a Baptist minister. Rachel's father and grandfather were both named Dempsey, as was her son Dempsey W. Broughton. Also, her father and her son, Dempsey, were both ministers. And, in a special issue of The Chronicles of Old Omen, it is mentioned that John O. Walker was the proprietor of the first mercantile store in 1852, and he was from Cherokee County. J.C. Walker also had a son listed on the 1850 census of Cherokee County named W. H. Walker, age 9. Ten years later, the 1860 census of Smith County TX shows a 19-year-old W. H. Walker living with Rachel's mother, Priscilla Winborne, age 81.]
Various research shows Edward Thomas Broughton and Rachel Winborne (Walker) Broughton had seven children as follows:
From 1852 through the Civil War, Edward T. Broughton Sr. lived in Smith County where he records show he became Clerk of Court in the Commissioner's Court from June 20, 1853 to August 21, 1854. The 1860 Census of Smith County shows Edward had amassed an estate worth $3,000 with an additional $12,000 in personal property. After the Civil War, E. T. Broughton and his wife Rachel moved to Kaufman County, Texas where they lived near their
Rachel died in Kaufman County Texas in 1869 however the location of her gravesite is unknown. Sometime during the following year Edward moved further west with his son, Nathaniel W. Broughton, where he lived another two decades. In 1891, at the age of 86, Edward Thomas Broughton (Sr.) died. He is buried in the Great Rock Bluff Cemetery in Comanche County, Texas located about 6 miles west of DeLeon, Texas.
Sources of Information:
Edward T. Broughton, Jr, Obituary, (1834-1874)
Mary Elizabeth Douglas Broughton (1840-1918), Obituary
Texans Who Wore the Gray - E. T. Broughton
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